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Citing Sources

Essay Citations
How to Cite an Essay Online in MLA
MLA Formatting and Style Guide

Parenthetical documentation states the source of your reference with parentheses near the text. Footnotes typically appear at the bottom of the page; endnotes appear at the end of the essay.

You must consult your style guide to follow the format correctly. Sharon Penn is a writer based in South Florida. A professional writer since , she has created numerous materials for a Princeton advertising agency. Her articles have appeared in "Golf Journal" and on industry blogs.

Penn has traveled extensively, is an avid golfer and is eager to share her interests with her readers. She holds a Master of Science in Education.

Use our citation tool to automatically generate your bibliography for any website. How to Write a Source Card. Accessed 14 September Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name.

Tips Do your research in a library, where you will have access to a variety of sources and the research librarian. If you want, you can number the citations as you go and then refer to that citation in your notes by the number. Just be sure you don't lose the citation page. When citing a website, gather as much information as possible about the webpage: Copy the URL, which is the website address that is in the box at the top of the browser.

Find the author of the page, which may be at the top under the title or down at the bottom. Sometimes the author's name is on the "About" page. Write down the website's name, which is usually in the banner at the top of the page. Copy down the title of the article, if applicable. It should be listed at the top of the page. Find the publication date. It should be at the top or bottom of the page, but it's not always listed. Note the date on which you retrieved the information. Make sure you know which citation system to use.

Your assignment or school should specify which citation system you'll be using. For MLA style, you'll embed a reference to your citation in the text, then include a works cited page at the end of your essay. Cite the website in the text. Directly after the sentence in which you reference the information from the website, put in a reference to your works cited page.

Start the parentheses one space away from your last word. Usually MLA citations include the author and page number; however, because most websites don't have page numbers, you can simply use the author's last name. If the title is long, you can use what's called a partial title. The close parenthesis should come directly after the last letter of the author's name or after the last quotation mark.

The period ending the sentence should come directly after the parentheses without a space. Include the website on your works cited page. Use the following format with the first line not indented but the subsequent lines indented. If your instructor requires one, place it directly after the date of access: The citation looks like the following when complete: The Baking Company, If you are citing one page on the website, place the page title in quotation marks before the website name: Leave the author off if one isn't listed.

Use the first word in each citation to alphabetize them on the works cited page. For citations in APA style, you'll embed a reference to your citation in the text, then include a reference list at the end of your essay. Directly after the sentence in which you reference the information from the website, add a in-text citation.

Use an open parenthesis after the last word. If you know the author of the text and the date it was published, put the last name of the author, a comma, and the date year of publication inside the parentheses. Place the close parenthesis directly after the date. Indianapolis Monthly Publications, MLA format does not require you to write the URL at the end of the citation, but you could include it after the access date.

Parenthetical and in-text citations direct your reader to the bibliographic entry in your works cited page. If you mention the author within a sentence, only put the page number in parentheses at the end of the sentence. Cara Batema is a musician, teacher and writer who specializes in early childhood, special needs and psychology.

Since , Batema has been an active writer in the fields of education, parenting, science and health. She holds a bachelor's degree in music therapy and creative writing. Use our citation tool to automatically generate your bibliography for any website. How to Cite an Essay in a Collection of Essays.

How to Cite an Encyclopedia.

How to cite sources in an essay: Variegated citing options

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The MLA system is an in-text method of citing sources and includes just enough information to help your reader find the information in the works cited page. Although a quote from an expert can add impact to your essay, in most cases you should try to either paraphrase or summarize the information, using citation to reference your source.

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Whether you refer to an essay from a nonfiction author in your literary paper or a work from a political figure in your history essay, you need to include citations that lead your readers to the source material.

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Citing sources when you are writing an essay can seem complicated at first, but if you follow the rules it gets easier. The importance of using sources correctly when writing an essay cannot be overstated. If your sources are very important to your ideas, you should mention the author and work in a sentence that introduces your citation. If, however, you are only citing the source to make a minor point, you may consider using parenthetical references, footnotes, or endnotes.

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In-Text Citation: Use an in-text citation in situations where you are not quoting someone directly, but rather using information from another source such as a fact, summary, or paraphrase to support your own ideas. If you need help incorporating your sources into your essay. If the source you’re attempting to cite does not have an author’s name listed, the in-text citation MLA or MLA parenthetical citation should display the title. If the title is rather long, it is acceptable to shorten it in the body of your assignment.